The arab league 

head chair: Bassem sandeela

vice-chair: Danoiel botros, SERINA WOO

The Arab Spring

The Arab Spring began through Tunisian street vendor, Mohamad Bouazizi. Bouazizi’s vegetable stand was repeatedly seized by the police as a result of his failure to obtain a permit. In order to protest the arbitrary seizing of his vegetable stand and loss of his livelihood, Bouazizi committed suicide by setting himself on fire in front of the government building in protest of an authoritarian regime.

The Syrian Civil War

From early on, the uprising and the regime’s response had a sectarian dimension. Many of the protesters belonged to the country’s Sunni majority, while the ruling Assad family were members of the country’s ʿAlawite minority. ʿAlawites also dominated the security forces and the irregular militias that carried out some of the worst violence against protesters and suspected opponents of the regime. Sectarian divisions were initially not as rigid as is sometimes supposed, though; the political and economic elite with ties to the regime included members of all of Syria’s confessional groups—not just ʿAlawites—while many middle- and working-class ʿAlawites did not particularly benefit from belonging to the same community as the Assad family and may have shared some of the protesters’ socio-economic grievances.

Background Guide

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